Subject-Verb Agreement (主谓一致)
1. 语法一致原则：即___语单复数决定谓语动词的单复数形式 (即主语是单数，谓语用____数，主语是____数，谓语用复数。)
① Xu Yuzhu is studying English.
② To say is one thing, but to do is another.
③ Seeing is believing.
④ Who will do the job has not been decided yet.
Note: 当what引导的句子作主语，若后面是 "be +名词"的结构时，谓语随名词变化。
①What we need ___ more time. ②What we need ____ doctors. (be)
① All the students _____clever. （be） ② They _____English very much. (like)
While watching the Olympics the other night，I came across an unbelievable sight．It was not a gold medal，or a world record broken，but a show of courage．
The event was swimming and started with only three men on the blocks．For one reason or another，two of them false started，so they were disqualified．
Aims: 1. To learn the structure of sentences which contain object clauses
2. To know how to choose the conjunction words
3. To improve the ability of translating
4. To be keen on learning English and reading
5. To enjoy life
hot discussion； read loudly； be careful, active & enthusiastic
Crazy English: (read aloud)
I possess unlimited confidence to conquer English - I can make it!
我拥有征服英语的无限信念 - 我一定行！ Class 17 Grade 1
A genius is simply the person who repeats the most times!
天才就是重复次数最多的人。 Class 18 Grade 1
Writing: (read aloud)
How is it going?
I’m writting to tell you something important. It’s my opinion on the value of friends.
I think it’s almost impossible to imagine what life whould be like without friends. Doctors can cure our body’s diseases with medicine, but who can ever really have a happy mind or get over mental problems without friends? Friends make you feel happy. Friends listen to your problems and offer you advice. A true friend can share your joys and troubles. Friends are of great importance to all of us. If we find one true friend in our life, we will be happy. I know you always encourage me to make more friends. But I am afraid of speaking in front of people. So I only have a small group of friends. I feel a little lonely.
I hope everything goes well.
( 1 ) 连词that
如： That my parents always treat me as a little child makes me unhappy. 我的父母亲总是像对待小孩子那样对我让我很不开心。
如： Whether my parents will be happy at this exam result is still unknown. 我的父母是否会满意我的考试结果还不清楚。
( 2 ) 连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which, whoev er, whatever , whichever等
如：What our parents like is our good study result.
Whoever loves their children will be loved by their children.
( 3 ) 连接副词 where, when, how, why。如：
How we treat our children is worth thinking.
从属连词: that, whether
连接代词：who, which, what
连接副词：when, where, how, why
fact, news, hope, idea, suggestion, thought, question, order, belief, word, promise, truth, opinion, wish等。
They asked me the question whet her the work was worth doing,
We expressed the hope that they would come and visit China again.
[ 注意] 在某些名词(如demand, wish, suggestion, order等 )后面的同位语从句要用虚拟语气。即 should + 动词原形，should可省略。
Eg：There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from t he team.
1．He said: "I’ve left my book in my room."
2．She said: "He will be busy."
3．She said to Tom, "Can you help me?"
4．She asked, "Is this book yours or his?"
5．The teacher asked, "how did you repair it?"
6．The teacher said to the students, "Don’t waste your time."
7．The mother said, "Tom, get up early, please."
8．The teacher said, "The earth goes round the sun."
9．My father said, "Practice makes perfect."
10．The boy said to us, " I usually get up at six every day."
11．He said, "We are still students.’
12．He said to me, "I was born in 1978."
13．The engineer said, "I was at college in 1967."
14．He said, "I have studied English since I was a boy."
15．She said, "I read the book while I was waiting for a bus.
16．Mr. Green said to them, "Joe told me all about his story when he asked for a job."
17．He said, "We insisted that she start immediately.
18．She said, "He demanded that the
比较 直接引语 间接引语
定义 直接引用别人的原话 用自己的话转述别人的话
不同点 直接引语前后要加引号 间接引语不用引号
例句 Tom said, "I’m afraid that I can’t finish the work." Mary told me that she would leave for London the next morning.
一般过去时 He insisted, "I’m the happiest father all over the world." →
He insisted that he was the happiest father all over the world.
过去进行时 John explained, "I’m operating the washing machine now." →
John explained that he was operating the washing machine then.
过去完成时 The woman exclaimed, "I has lost control of my son." →
The woman exclaimed that she had lost control of her son.
过去完成时 Old Ben said, "I experienced the well-known civil war." →
Old Ben said that he had experienced the well-known civil war.
过去完成时 Carla answered, "I had passed the driving test last year". →
Carla answered that she had passed the driving test the year before.
Harry Porter is a boy ____________ _____________________.
The man _______________ is Liu Xiang.
Liu Xiang is the man ________________.